In addition to the four definitions of “health” listed below, case management’s definition of health takes on a more comprehensive meaning that includes biopsychosocial, as well as educational and vocational, aspects of the client:
Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (WHO Constitution).
The extent to which an individual or a group is able to realize aspirations and satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the environment. Health is a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living; it is a positive concept, emphasizing social and personal resources as well as physical capabilities.
A state characterized by anatomic, physiologic and psychological integrity; ability to perform personally valued family, work and community roles; ability to deal with physical, biologic, psychological and social stress; a feeling of well-being; and freedom from the risk of disease and untimely death.
A state of equilibrium between humans and the physical, biologic and social environment, compatible with full functional activity.